Cataract is an eye condition that occurs when the lens of the eye loses its transparency.

The lens in our eyes enables the refraction and focusing of light. The initial symptom in patients with cataracts, is blurry vision and loss of clarity.

The most common cause of cataract disease, often described in society as "a curtain falling over the eye", is aging of the eye.

Other causes of cataracts include:

    • Diabetes mellitus
    • Congenital cataract disease
    • Cortisone use
    • Metabolic cataracts due to systemic diseases
    • UV sunlight
    • Eye traumas
    • Nutrition
    • Genetic factors: Individuals with a family history of cataracts are at higher risk of developing cataracts.

    Cataract development varies from person to person. There can even be differences in the degree of cataracts between the two eyes.

    Age-related cataracts may progress over the years. However, since the degree and progression of cataracts can vary from person to person, it is not correct to make a definitive and general statement about the rate of progression. Factors such as the presence of diabetes, nutrition, smoking habits, genetic differences, apart from age, can cause differences in cataract development in each individual.

    The only treatment for cataracts is surgery. During cataract surgery, the clouded lens is removed, and an artificial lens (intraocular lens) is implanted. After cataract surgery, a person can return to their normal daily activities within a few days. Cataract surgery can be performed in any season.

    All lenses implanted into the eye during cataract surgery are lifelong intraocular lenses.

    Untreated cataracts can lead to further deterioration of vision and a decrease in quality of life over time. Therefore, it is important to consult an eye doctor when cataract symptoms are noticed.

    In recent years, with the development and widespread use of Smart Intraocular Lens Technology (Premium Lenses), cataract surgery has become attractive even for individuals who do not want to use distant and near glasses in their daily lives.

    With the increased variety of intraocular lens types, the choice of lens to be used in cataract surgery has become important. Making a decision with your doctor on the selection of the most suitable lens for your eye structure, social life, and occupation will be the best choice for you.