In a retinal detachment, the retina separates from the choroid so this is called the separation of the retinal layers
Mostly it is the rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, here the cause is a tear in the retina, for this reason one calls this form also tear-conditioned retinal detachment.
If there are holes or cracks in the retina, the passage of fluid from the vitreous cavity occurs. This fluid gets behind the retina and lifts it off the underlying tissue.
The vitreous body of man consists of a gelatinous mass. In old age, this vitreous body shrinks, causing retinal pulling (also called vitreous detachment), which results in ruptured retinal detachment and is also most commonly seen in patients with myopia and eye trauma.
The symptoms of retinal detachment are in most cases clear and can not be overlooked by those affected. Patients report that they see bright flashes or a bright flicker, which is usually only one-sided and much more noticeable in the dark than in the light. The vision illusion is sometimes described as many black spots or cobwebs. These symptoms indicate that retinal detachment is still in its infancy.
(Early intervention with Argon Laser Therapy protects those affected from retinal detachment, surgery, and vision loss.)
Retinal detachment problems have narrowed visual field, black tingling, and decreased visual acuity. In cases where the visual center is not affected, vision is not reduced and the visual field problem may not be noticeable at this stage. Therefore, the eye examination is very important for the early diagnosis and protection of the visual system.
- Those who are (myopia) myopic
-The ones who had a cataract operation
- If someone in the family has retinal detachment
-The ones who had an eye trauma
With old people
-Marfan, Ehler-Danlos, patients with Stickler syndrome
Are at risk for retinal detachment
If the retinal detachment is still in its initial stages and it is a ruptured retinal detachment, Arogon laser treatment is used.
In rhegmatogenous retinal detachment, eye surgery is inevitably performed
1. St seal with a gas bubble. For this purpose, a special gas mixture is entered into the vitreous cavity. It may take a few days after surgery for a particular body or head posture to allow the rising gas bubble to lie exactly on the retinal defect and close its edges, this application is easiest to use and least harmful to the eye.
2. Permanent indentation of the eye wall with a plastic seal. For this purpose, the conjunctiva is opened, a plastic seal sewn onto the dermis and the eye wall dented thereby. The material used is well tolerated by the body and does not need to be removed. With this method, the diopter of the patient changes after surgery.
3.Vitrectomy and endolaser have been used more frequently in recent years and the success rate is 60-100%.